School Age Children Who Experienced Neonatal Seizures
Neonatal seizures (NSs) differ from seizures in other age groups in terms of their etiology, clinical presentation, treatment methods, and prognostic factors. The incidence of NSs was reported to range from 0.18% to 0.35% in population-based studies. The mortality rate of NSs has decreased from 40% to 20% in recent decades. However, the rates of neurologic sequelae have not decreased. The risk of mortality due to seizures and the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (among surviving children) have raised many questions regarding the immediate diagnosis of NSs, acute interventions and drug selections, long-term prognosis of affected babies, predictive risk factors of NS prognosis, and mechanisms of epileptogenesis in patients with postneonatal epilepsy. Increasing numbers of studies in recent years have attempted to address these questions.
Neonatal status epilepticus is significantly related to epilepsy in patients who are in school age. Perinatal asphyxia was the major risk factor for cerebral palsy. The long-term normal prognosis of NSs mainly depends on its etiology. Because perinatal hypoxia is the most important and common prognostic factor, its prevention is important. Although improvements in neonatal care to prevent hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy are promising, this condition is currently not entirely preventable.
Journal of Pediatric Care aims to distribute information on all scientific ground and social aspects related to pediatric issues and neonatal care. The journal of Pediatric Care will consider articles in the form of a research article, review article, short communications, case studies etc. bearing novel and valuable information for publication. The broader scope of the journal will consider submissions in the following areas: pediatric medicine, neonatal care, medicinal aspect of behavior development, care in neonatal intensive care unit, social care of infants and children and their impact on the behaviour etc.
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