Computer network, Design and Protocol


Computer network, Design and Protocol

American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (AJCSES) is a peer review open access journal publishing the research in computer science and engineering survey. Cloud Computing and its types and advantages are described below.

computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the network nodes. The interconnections between nodes are formed from a broad spectrum of telecommunication network technologies, based on physically wired, optical, and wireless radio-frequency methods that may be arranged in a variety of network topologies.

Computer Network Classification and Area Networks

Computer networks can be categorized in several different ways. One approach defines the type of network according to the geographic area it spans. Local area networks (LANs), for example, typically span a single home, school, or small office building, whereas wide area networks (WANs), reach across cities, states, or even across the world. The internet is the world's largest public WAN.

Network Design

Computer networks also differ in their design approach. The two basic forms of network design are called client-server and peer-to-peer. Client-server networks feature centralized server computers that store email, web pages, files, and applications accessed by client computers and other client devices. On a peer-to-peer network, conversely, all devices tend to support the same functions. Client-server networks are common in business and peer-to-peer networks are common in homes.

Network Protocols

Communication languages used by computer devices are called network protocols. Another way to classify computer networks is by the set of protocols they support. Networks often implement multiple protocols and each network supports specific applications. Popular protocols include TCP/IP — the one commonly found on the internet and in home networks.

Computer Network Hardware and Software

Special purpose communication devices including network routers, access points, and network cables physically glue a network together. Network operating systems and other software applications generate network traffic and enable users to do useful things.

Home Computer Networking

While other types of networks are built and maintained by engineers, home networks belong to homeowners who often have little or no technical background. Various manufacturers produce broadband router hardware designed to simplify home network setup. A home router enables devices in different rooms to efficiently share a broadband internet connection, helps household members share files and printers within the network, and improves overall network security.

Business Computer Networks

Small and home office (SOHO) environments use technology that is similar to home networks. Businesses often have additional communication, data storage, and security requirements that require expanding networks in different ways, particularly as the business gets larger.

Networking and the Internet

The popularity of computer networks sharply increased with the creation of the World Wide Web (WWW) in the 1990s. Public web sites, peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing systems, and various other services run on internet servers across the world.

Wired vs. Wireless Computer Networking

Many of the same protocols such as TCP/IP work in both wired and wireless networks. Networks with Ethernet cables predominated in businesses, schools, and homes for several decades. Wi-Fi has emerged as the preferred option for building new computer networks, in part to support smart phones and the other wireless gadgets that have triggered the rise of mobile networking.

American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey announce papers for the upcoming issue release.  Interested can submit your manuscripts as an e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at

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Maegan Smith

Managing Editor

American Journal of Computer Science and Engineering Survey (IPACSES)

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