Chronic kidney disease in childhood varies when compared to adults


Chronic kidney disease in childhood varies when compared to adults

CKD (Chronic kidney disease) is a chronic condition in which the kidneys are permanently damaged. Kidney function is decreased, and it gets worse over time and it is also called as chronic renal disease

Chronic renal disease for children is a major problem of public health. The causes of the child's chronic renal disease are mainly the defects of the kidney and urinary tract, hereditary diseases and glomerulopathy. Furthermore, diabetes and high blood pressure are about half of cases for the adult. This study aimed to investigate the diagnosis and the management options of chronic renal failure for children’s

The causes of CKD are very different in children than in adults. 

In infants and children: Birth defects, congenital abnormalities, and hereditary diseases, like polycystic kidney disease, are the most common causes of CKD. Frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children should be promptly treated and further evaluated, as urinary tract abnormalities could potentially lead to CKD.

In teenagers: In children over the age of 12, glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) is the most frequent cause of kidney failure. Other conditions that may damage the kidneys, like nephrotic syndrome, or diseases that affect many organs, like lupus, are also common causes.

In adults: CKD is mainly caused by diabetes and high blood pressure. In contrast to adults, high blood pressure does not usually cause kidney failure in children, but often is caused by the renal failure. However, it is important to note that many of the risk factors for CKD, such as obesity leading to type 2-diabetes, start in childhood and may contribute to progressive kidney disease in adulthood.

Studies in developed countries have shown that children with CKD cared for by pediatric nephrologists fare better in the long run than those managed at adult nephrology units.

Journal of Nephrology and Urology is an Open Access peer-reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in diagnosis and management of kidney disorders as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and molecular genetics.

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