Biotechnology Advances in Medicine
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology is a peer reviewed journal that focusses on comprehensive and extensive coverage of research developments in the field of molecular biology and biotechnology. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is one of the causative agents of cervical cancer. It is the second most lethal cancer in women, second only to breast cancer, killing 275,000 women worldwide every year. Therefore, a successful HPV vaccination is considered a major medical accomplishment. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved HPV vaccines like Gardasil and Cervarix for use among females between 9 – 26 years of age.
A face transplant is a process of using skin grafts to replace all or a part of the patient’s face with a donor’s face. The first partial face transplant was performed in Amiens, France, in 2005. The next successful transplant was performed five years later in Spain; this was also the first-ever full-face transplant. The transplant patient, whose face was severely damaged in an accident, received a new nose, lips, teeth, and cheekbones during the 24-hour long surgery.
Artificial limbs have been in use for centuries, and there has been a steady improvement in the mobility and versatility of bionic limbs. Now new advances in bionic technology and 3D printing have taken it even further. It has made it possible to artificially construct internal organs like heart, kidney, and liver. Doctors have been able to implant these into individuals that need them successfully.
Nerve damage from neurodegenerative disease and spinal cord injury has largely been considered irreversible. However, researchers have made significant progress in synthesizing rare enzymes that promote regeneration and growth of injured nerve cells. Neurotrophins are proteins that promote the development of neurons. It is a sequence of small molecular chains that possesses potent neurotrophic properties. Although these neurotrophins have some of the shortcomings of protein-based agents, researchers are pursuing this as a possible avenue for nerve regeneration.
Scientists are working on creating a device that can translate brain signals to audible speech using a voice synthesizer. This would serve as an incredible tool in communicating with individuals paralyzed with the disease or traumatic injuries. Furthermore, scientists have found that they can use these devices on epileptic patients to isolate the source of their seizures.
Journal of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
London, United Kingdom
For Queries Contact:+32-28-08-6657